|Scientific Name||Pterophyllum scalare|
|Minimum Water Size||30+ gallons (113.56+ liters)|
|Ease Of Care||Easy|
|Average Lifespan||10 years|
|Approximate Adult Size||6 inches (15.24 centimeters)|
|Water Parameters||75-82 degrees Fahrenheit (23.89-27.78 degrees Celsius), 1-5 KH, 5.8-7.0 pH|
|Native Region||South America|
The angelfish can make an excellent addition to any aquarium tank regardless of their previous experience. These fish have various different names given to them such as the Silver Angelfish, Freshwater Angelfish, or even the Common Angelfish. These fish naturally are found to inhabit slow moving waters of the Amazon River, but have been found in various parts across South America. These fish live in conditions where there are dense areas of plants, and normally find themselves eating small invertebrates or other fish inside of their water. Angelfish are extremely sensitive to any water parameter fluctuations, and can get blown around their tank if there is too much current in any given spot. Due to the way that their fins grow outward, it is suggested to not keep any fin nipping fish as angelfish will be targeted more than likely. All of the angelfish will be extremely friendly when they are younger however depending on the size of the tank that they are kept it, may become territorial as they age or if they find any given mate.
There has been a lot of confusion when breeders are asked exactly what species a given angelfish is, as over the years the three different species have been crossbred so much there is no difference. Sadly, all of the angelfish look very similar in appearance minus a few characteristics that would show what species they were. In many cases these markings have either been bred out of the angelfish or they have been covered up by various new colorations and patterns. Many still believe that there are other breeds of angelfish that have yet to be discovered, and only time will tell if there are more that are found in the wild.
Angelfish will spawn very easily inside of any aquarium if the water quality is kept in check and they are both given a very rich diet of protein. Unlike other cichlids, it is extremely hard to sex angelfish and most breeders will tend to hold tanks that have multiple fish in the chance that some of them are males and the others are females. The female will lay around 900 eggs on locations that have been cleaned off by the pair, and will normally look for any plants inside of the aquarium to place them for protection. During this time, you may hear a loud grinding sound that the male will make in order to bring attention of the female to him. The male will then follow the female and fertilize them, however no further parental care will be given to the eggs once they hatch. This is due to the generations of them not having to provide for their young as the breeders will separate them once they have finished spawning unlike they are required to in their natural habitat.
Angelfish will gladly accept any form of flake, pellet, frozen and or freeze dried food, live foods, and also any wafers if present. It is suggested that you give them a varied diet which is mostly based upon algae, then a plant based food (mostly what flakes are made of), and then slightly a meaty food such as pellets or live foods. Including vegetables such as lettuce or spinach inside of their diet will also provide the Angelfish with the proper nutrition that they require to live a long life span and have the most vibrant coloration possible. Avoid overfeeding if at all possible since unlike other fish, the food will buildup in their slim body as fat in an inactive spot and can cause them to die.