Malaysian Trumpet Snail

General Information
Scientific Name Melanoides tuberculata
Minimum Water Size 1+ gallons (3.78+ liters)
Ease Of Care Beginner
Average Lifespan 2 years
Temperament Peaceful
Approximate Adult Size 1.18 inches (3 centimeters)
Water Parameters 64-90 degrees Fahrenheit (17.77-32.22 degrees Celsius)
Diet Omnivore
Native Region Africa and Asia

Overview

The malaysian trumpet snail is a long time favored snail species that is kept mostly in planted aquariums, however can be found in ponds, and lakes around the world. This species of snail comes in a variety of colorations, however they all share the common trumpet like shell (even when they are first born). These snails do extremely well with a variety of any fish or invertebrate species due to their ability to close a "trap door" inside of their shell to protect them if something were to try and eat them. Unlike many other snail species, these are commonly placed inside of water setups as they are found to be highly beneficial without creating any issues that many other pest snails do. These snails may appear to be eating live plants, however they will only consume them if the leaves are dead or if there is a substantial amount of algae on the leave itself. During the daytime hours, this snail will burrow inside of the substrate in order to hide while also aerating (providing not only oxygen to the bottom of the setup, but also to the roots of any live plants within promoting root growth). Once it reaches the nighttime hours, they will come out and look for food while other fish and invertebrates are sleeping or not so active.

Unfortunately, like any other snail they should not be exposed to any metallic chemicals used (as this is fatal to them along with many other invertebrates). If there are population problems after months of having these snails, then the suggesting route of action would be to lower the amount of food that is being provided into the setup.

Breeding

Like other most common tropical snail species, the malaysian trumpet snail is a prolific breeder that can breed under almost all conditions. Unlike other snails, there are no special requirements other than having the water parameters within their favorable levels to start breeding between snails. In many cases when added to a newly setup aquarium there will be a population spike of these snails due to the overabundance of algae and detritus, however if the conditions are kept right then the population will decrease and reach a stable number over time. These snails will produce live young instead of laying eggs like most other snails, where there will be no parental care once they are born.

Feeding

Due to the diet that this snail has, there should be no reason to specifically feed just the snails. They will consume any algae (small or big particles) around their setup, including going through the detritus to find any excess food that may be laying around. They will mostly eat food during the nighttime hours only, however if any food is given during the daytime hours then some may come to the surface in order to feast on such food sources. These snails will not harm, attack, or eat any other type of fish or invertebrate unless they are dead and no longer moving (malasyian trumpet snails know when a fish is rotting, and therefore dead).