Apple Snail

Apple Snail

General Information
Scientific Name Ampullariidae
Minimum Water Size 1+ gallons (3.79+ liters)
Ease Of Care Beginner
Average Lifespan 2 years
Temperament Peaceful
Approximate Adult Size 2 inches (5.08 centimeters)
Water Parameters 72-82 degrees Fahrenheit (22.22-27.78 degrees Celsius), 7.0-7.5 pH
Diet Omnivore
Native Region Brazil


Apple snails are a tropical and sub-tropical snail that are well adapted to areas that suffer heavy droughts from season to season. They can survive out of water for periods of time as they have both a gill and lung combination of respiratory system, which is used to allow for them to move from drier areas into ponds or lakes in search of food. This makes the apple snail the biggest snail that can breathe directly from the air and from underneath the water. The family that this snail belongs to has thousands of other species, however many do not share some of the amazing traits that the apple snail does. Apple snails will normally be brown to yellow in their color with some color bandings across their shell, while others can be black to blue without any banding across their shell. Sadly, due to there being thousands of snails that share the same name as the Apple snail it can be very hard to tell species apart from others just by looking at their behavior and their size or shape.

These snails are non-aggressive and very peaceful by nature, which will feed off algae, live plant matter, and excess food that gets left inside of the bottom of the tank or in spots where other inhabitants don't check. Since they mostly move during the night, making sure to have a tight closed lid on your aquarium will make sure that they do not easily escape between the cracks in the glass or plastic as they can and will attempt to.


Breeding apple snails is extremely easy as they will breed very commonly if the conditions are kept in prime settings. They will lay their egg sacks above the water line since these snails cannot breathe from the water itself, but rather need air from the surface to live. The egg sacks will appear to be white, yellow, or in some cases pink in color and will be spread out over an average area. If the eggs are kept humid but not fully submerged, they will hatch in approximately two to three weeks where the babies will fall into the water when hatching. It may appear that the babies will rock back and forth as they get used to their shell and new environment. No parental care is given to the babies once the eggs are laid, and the babies will start to eat algae until they are big enough to consume excess food from other sources.


Apple snails will feed off mostly algae that is covering the glass walls, on the substrate, on decorations, or even covering the leaves of life plants. In most cases, they will feed off any excess food that the other inhabitants don't eat or pick up after it has all settled down. Due to the snail, not being a specific species, they may eat life plants fully while others will not touch them and only will eat the algae off the leaves. Be careful if you have any slow growing plants since these snails may eat them fully before they have time to regrow leaves, steams, or more.